This research develops and implements a life cycle sustainability assessment (LCSA) framework to evaluate the environmental, economic and social performance of geotechnical solutions and guide innovation throughout the research and development process towards environmentally preferable and cost effective solutions.

LCSA integrates environmental life cycle assessment (ELCA) and life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) to make analytical and informed decisions.


The LCSA framework will provide the means to analyze and compare the environmental, economic, and social impacts of industry practices and emerging technologies (even at their earliest stages of research and development) in geotechnical engineering.

Research Team

Advisor: Alissa Kendall (

Researchers: Alena Raymond (, James Tipton (, Ali A Butt, PhD (

Current Year ’15-’16 Focus

  • The LCSA research team developed and disseminated a LCSA questionnaire to CBBG researchers, and having collected them we are now applying the LCSA framework to proposed research projects to provide feedback on analysis outcomes and recommendations for future directions.
  • We are preparing a critical review of life cycle assessment in the geotechnical engineering field to identify the current state-of-practice and initiate a dialogue on common methods for life cycle assessment applied to geotechnical applications


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